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How to use crutches

Joyful optimistic woman trying to use crutches
Crutches are often used as a temporary mobility aid to help individuals who have suffered an injury or have a medical condition that affects their ability to walk. They provide support and stability, allowing individuals to keep weight off an affected limb and avoid further injury.

Before Using Crutches

Before using crutches, it is important to understand the proper fit and adjustment. Crutches should be adjusted to the correct height so that the user’s arms are bent at a 90-degree angle when the crutches are under the armpits. The handgrips should also be adjusted to a comfortable height.

Using Crutches

  1. Begin by standing with the crutches under the arms and the affected foot slightly off the ground.

  2. Lean forward and place the crutches under the arms, with the handgrips at hip level.

  3. Step forward with the unaffected foot, then swing the affected foot forward and place it on the ground.

  4. Repeat the process, alternating steps between the unaffected foot and the crutches.

  5. When going up stairs, lead with the unaffected foot, then place the crutches on the step above.

  6. When going down stairs, lead with the crutches, then place the affected foot on the step below.

Safety Tips for Using Crutches

  1. Always keep weight on the unaffected foot, not the crutches.

  2. Keep crutches dry and free of dirt and debris to avoid slipping.

  3. Do not use crutches on wet or slippery surfaces.

  4. Avoid using crutches on steep inclines or declines.

  5. Do not lean too far forward or backwards when using crutches, as this can cause instability and increase the risk of falls.

  6. If you experience pain or discomfort while using crutches, stop using them and seek medical attention.

Using crutches can be a helpful tool for individuals with mobility challenges, but it is important to use them properly and safely to avoid further injury. If you have any questions about how to use crutches, it is best to consult with a healthcare provider or physical therapist.